As perguntas que você deve saber para obter a cidadania americana

Teste de CidadaniaTodos que desejam se tornar cidadãos americano devem fazer um teste de naturalização para que a cidadania seja concedida.

A maioria dos residentes nos Estados Unidos se preparam para o teste de cidadania e estudam inglês em escolas gratuitas encontradas em várias localidades da região. Nestas escolas a preparação também consiste em conhecer as 100 perguntas de cidadania mais prováveis para a entrevista em inglês realizada oficialmente pelo Serviço de Imigração dos Estados Unidos (USCIS).

Leia também: Como obter a cidadania americana

A prova é feita oralmente, então é necessário ouvir, entender e responder as perguntas corretamente. 

Veja abaixo as perguntas e suas respectivas respostas. Notem que há perguntas que possuem mais de uma opção para resposta, então resolvemos colocar todas as opções para que você as conheça e decida qual usar.

(Como as perguntas serão feitas em inglês, o VegasBrazil.com preferiu mantê-las no idioma oficial, despensando a tradução).

1. What is the supreme law of the land?  

? the Constitution  

2. What does the Constitution do?  

? sets up the government  

? defines the government  

? protects basic rights of Americans  

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?  

? We the People  

4. What is an amendment?  

? a change (to the Constitution)  

? an addition (to the Constitution)  

5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?  

? the Bill of Rights  

6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*  

? speech 

? religion  

? assembly  

? press  

? petition the government  

7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?  

? twenty-seven (27)  

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?  

? announced our independence (from Great Britain)  

? declared our independence (from Great Britain)  

? said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)  

9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?  

? life  

? liberty  

? pursuit of happiness  

10. What is freedom of religion?  

? You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.  

11. What is the economic system in the United States?*  

? capitalist economy  

? market economy  

12. What is the “rule of law”?  

? Everyone must follow the law.  

? Leaders must obey the law.  

? Government must obey the law.  

? No one is above the law.  

13. Name one branch or part of the government.*  

? Congress  

? legislative  

? President  

? executive  

? the courts  

? judicial  

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?  

? checks and balances  

? separation of powers  

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?  

? the President  

16. Who makes federal laws?  

? Congress  

? Senate and House (of Representatives)  

? (U.S. or national) legislature  

17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*  

? the Senate and House (of Representatives)  

18. How many U.S. Senators are there?  

? one hundred (100)  

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?  

? six (6)  

20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*  

?  A resposta depende do seu estado de residência. Para Nevada, veja a resposta aqui

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?  

? four hundred thirty-five (435)  

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?  

? two (2)  

23. Name your U.S. Representative.  

? A resposta varia conforme o estado em que você reside. Para Nevada, veja a resposta aqui

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?  

? all people of the state  

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?  

? (because of) the state’s population  

? (because) they have more people  

? (because) some states have more people  

26. We elect a President for how many years?  

? four (4)  

27. In what month do we vote for President?*  

? November  

28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?*  

? Barack Obama  

? Obama  

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?  

? Joseph Biden  

? Joe Biden  

? Biden  

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?  

? the Vice President  

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?  

? the Speaker of the House  

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?  

? the President  

33. Who signs bills to become laws?  

? the President  

34. Who vetoes bills?  

? the President  

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?  

? advises the President  

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?  

? Secretary of Agriculture  

? Secretary of Commerce  

? Secretary of Defense  

? Secretary of Education  

? Secretary of Energy  

? Secretary of Health and Human Services  

? Secretary of Homeland Security  

? Secretary of Housing and Urban Development  

? Secretary of the Interior  

? Secretary of Labor  

? Secretary of State  

? Secretary of Transportation  

? Secretary of the Treasury  

? Secretary of Veterans Affairs  

? Attorney General  

? Vice President  

37. What does the judicial branch do?  

? reviews laws  

? explains laws  

? resolves disputes (disagreements)  

? decides if a law goes against the Constitution  

38. What is the highest court in the United States?  

? the Supreme Court  

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?  

? nine (9)  

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?  

? John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)  

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?  

? to print money  

? to declare war  

? to create an army  

? to make treaties  

42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?  

? provide schooling and education  

? provide protection (police)  

? provide safety (fire departments)  

? give a driver’s license  

? approve zoning and land use  

43. Who is the Governor of your state now?  

? A resposta depende do local de sua residência. Atualmente, o governador de Nevada é (veja aqui).  

44. What is the capital of your state?*  

? A resposta depende do estado da sua residência. Em Nevada, a capital do estado é Carlson City. 

45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?*  

? Democratic and Republican  

46. What is the political party of the President now?  

? Democratic (Party)  

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?  

? (John) Boehner  

48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.  

? Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).  

? You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.  

? Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)  

? A male citizen of any race (can vote).  

49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*  

? serve on a jury  

? vote in a federal election  

50. Name one right only for United States citizens.  

? vote in a federal election  

? run for federal office

51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?  

? freedom of expression  

? freedom of speech  

? freedom of assembly  

? freedom to petition the government  

? freedom of worship  

? the right to bear arms  

52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?  

? the United States  

? the flag  

53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?  

? give up loyalty to other countries  

? defend the Constitution and laws of the United States  

? obey the laws of the United States  

? serve in the U.S. military (if needed)  

? serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)  

? be loyal to the United States  

54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*  

? eighteen (18) and older  

55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?  

? vote  

? join a political party  

? help with a campaign  

? join a civic group  

? join a community group  

? give an elected official your opinion on an issue  

? call Senators and Representatives  

? publicly support or oppose an issue or policy  

? run for office  

? write to a newspaper  

56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*  

? April 15  

57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?  

? at age eighteen (18)  

? between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)  

58. What is one reason colonists came to America?  

? freedom  

? political liberty  

? religious freedom  

? economic opportunity  

? practice their religion  

? escape persecution  

59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?  

? American Indians  

? Native Americans  

60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?  

? Africans  

? people from Africa  

61. Why did the colonists fight the British?  

? because of high taxes (taxation without representation)  

? because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)  

? because they didn’t have self-government  

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?  

? (Thomas) Jefferson  

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?  

? July 4, 1776  

64. There were 13 original states. Name three.  

? New Hampshire  

? Massachusetts  

? Rhode Island  

? Connecticut  

? New York  

? New Jersey  

? Pennsylvania  

? Delaware  

? Maryland  

? Virginia  

? North Carolina  

? South Carolina  

? Georgia  

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?  

? The Constitution was written.  

? The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.  

66. When was the Constitution written?  

? 1787  

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.  

? (James) Madison  

? (Alexander) Hamilton  

? (John) Jay  

? Publius  

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?  

? U.S. diplomat  

? oldest member of the Constitutional Convention  

? first Postmaster General of the United States  

? writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”  

? started the first free libraries  

69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?  

? (George) Washington  

70. Who was the first President?*  

? (George) Washington  

71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?  

? the Louisiana Territory  

? Louisiana  

72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.  

? War of 1812  

? Mexican-American War  

? Civil War  

? Spanish-American War  

73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.  

? the Civil War  

? the War between the States  

74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.  

? slavery  

? economic reasons  

? states’ rights  

75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*  

? freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)  

? saved (or preserved) the Union  

? led the United States during the Civil War  

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?  

? freed the slaves  

? freed slaves in the Confederacy  

? freed slaves in the Confederate states  

? freed slaves in most Southern states  

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?  

? fought for women’s rights  

? fought for civil rights  

78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*  

? World War I  

? World War II  

? Korean War  

? Vietnam War  

? (Persian) Gulf War  

79. Who was President during World War I?  

? (Woodrow) Wilson  

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?  

? (Franklin) Roosevelt  

81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?  

? Japan, Germany, and Italy  

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?  

? World War II  

83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?  

? Communism  

84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?  

? civil rights (movement)  

85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*  

? fought for civil rights  

? worked for equality for all Americans  

86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?  

? Terrorists attacked the United States.  

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.  

[USCIS Officers will be supplied with a list of federally recognized American Indian tribes.]  

? Cherokee  

? Navajo  

? Sioux  

? Chippewa  

? Choctaw  

? Pueblo  

? Apache  

? Iroquois  

? Creek  

? Blackfeet  

? Seminole  

? Cheyenne  

? Arawak  

? Shawnee  

? Mohegan  

? Huron  

? Oneida  

? Lakota  

? Crow  

? Teton  

? Hopi  

? Inuit  

88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.  

? Missouri (River)  

? Mississippi (River)  

89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?  

? Pacific (Ocean)  

90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?  

? Atlantic (Ocean)  

91. Name one U.S. territory.  

? Puerto Rico  

? U.S. Virgin Islands  

? American Samoa  

? Northern Mariana Islands  

? Guam  

92. Name one state that borders Canada.  

? Maine  

? New Hampshire  

? Vermont  

? New York  

? Pennsylvania  

? Ohio  

? Michigan  

? Minnesota  

? North Dakota  

? Montana  

? Idaho  

? Washington  

? Alaska  

93. Name one state that borders Mexico.  

? California  

? Arizona  

? New Mexico  

? Texas  

94. What is the capital of the United States?*  

? Washington, D.C.  

95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?*  

? New York (Harbor)  

? Liberty Island  [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]

96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?  

? because there were 13 original colonies  

? because the stripes represent the original colonies  

97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?*  

? because there is one star for each state  

? because each star represents a state  

? because there are 50 states  

98. What is the name of the national anthem?  

? The Star-Spangled Banner  

99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?*  

? July 4  

100. Name two national U.S. holidays.  

? New Year’s Day  

? Martin Luther King, Jr. Day  

? Presidents’ Day  

? Memorial Day  

? Independence Day  

? Labor Day  

? Columbus Day  

? Veterans Day  

? Thanksgiving  

? Christmas

Comentários  

Os comentários abaixo são de total responsabilidade dos autores, e não representam a opinião do Vegas Brazil.
Authors are integrally responsible for their comments below, and those do not represent Vegas Brazil's opinion.
 
0 #5 Atendimento ao leito 06-01-2014 17:11
Olá Gustavo,
Iremos responde-lo por e-mail.
Atenciosamente,
Citar
 
 
0 #4 Gustavo Reinhold 05-01-2014 03:10
Bom dia colegas.
Okay, imigração e tal..
Mas antes disso, preciso entrar com um visto.
Esse é meu medo, não conseguir ter o visto para depois pensar em ficar 5 anos e depois adquirir nacionalidade.
Como faço para entrar no U.S, trabalhar etc?
Citar
 
 
-1 #3 Vinicius 27-05-2013 03:29
Segue os passos para saber como adquirir cidadania americana.
Citar
 
 
0 #2 jaisson luis abbud 17-02-2012 17:42
O oficial da imigração que me fez as perguntas deste teste,ficou de pe o tempo todo, na frente do computador enquanto fazia as perguntas e eu sentado..ate hoje acho que ele queira ter uma vista plana pra ter certeza que eu não iria colar..hahaha
Citar
 
 
0 #1 jaisson luis abbud 28-01-2012 01:41
Passei com 100%..é facil se estudar
Citar
 

Adicionar comentário


Código de segurança
Atualizar

Facebook